Category: Screening Tests

10 Screening Tests That Women Should Undergo!

Do you know that as women, we all should undergo certain medical tests and health screenings throughout our lives? For instance, did you know that hearing and vision screenings are recommended during every decade of your life?

Here is the list of 10 screening tests that you should undergo:

1. Pap test

Women age 21 and above should undergo Pap test. Sexually active young women under 21 also need to have Pap test starting within three years of the first time sexual intercourse happened. Pap test or Pap smear helps to detect abnormal changes in cervical cells that can lead to cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer is now 15th among the causes of cancer deaths. Every year, about 3,700 women are dying of cervical cancer.

2. Heart screening

Heart disease is the most leading cause of death in American women and about 250,000 women are dying of heart disease every year. This figure is six times greater than the women that die from breast cancer.

You can prevent coronary disease by maintaining healthy diet and taking proper lifestyle medications and enough physical activity. For heart screening, you need to undergo a blood test that checks your cholesterol levels and blood fats.

If you experience any chest pain, shortness of breath or additional heartbeat, you should undergo a test called stress echocardiogram. This test performed to determine whether there is any reduced blood flow to your heart.

3. Mammograms

When to begin annual mammography varies from one health professional to another. According to American Cancer Society and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the best age to start mammography is 40. Mammogram is a safe, painless and essential for the early detection of breast cancer.

Also, women during their 20s and 30s should undergo a breast exam for every three years to detect any lumps and bumps.

4. Blood pressure checks

Every year, about 50 million people in the United State have high blood pressure. One out of every five people is suffering from hypertension. It occurs when your blood pressure reading rise above 140/90.

Also, people suffer from low blood pressure or hypo tension. It occurs when your blood pressure reading falls below the normal range. When you have low blood pressure, you will experience headaches, light headed or dizziness.

5. Bone density test

It is fairly a simple and painless procedure. Women above 65 should have regular bone density test. Younger women who have had hysterectomy should also undergo regular bone density test. Osteoporosis is the disease that causes significant bone loss, if the condition is not detected and treated early, it can lead to fragile bones that break easily. Early diagnosis of this disease is treatable with medications.

6. Regular HIV testing

CDC recommended that everyone who consults a doctor or who is in an emergency room should undergo HIV testing on a routine basis. Regular HIV testing can decrease the spread of HIV virus about 30%. HIV virus is the most leading cause of AIDS.

7. Colon cancer test

Women should start screening for colon cancer at the age of 50. There are various procedures that help to detect colon cancer, so it is best to consult your doctor to know which test is right for you. If you have a family history of colon cancer, you should be screened at an earlier age. Colonoscopy is the procedure that can detect colon cancer.

8. STD test

If you think of any exposure to STD, immediately contact your doctor for testing. If you experience any abnormal vaginal discharge, you should consult your doctor. Abnormal vaginal discharge doesn’t indicate an STD, but it is the indication of either an STD or an yeast or vaginal infection.

9. BMI test

BMI is a measure of body fat according to your height and weight and it determines where you fall on the weight spectrum. BMI level more than 39 indicates that you are obese. You can check BMI yourself by using BMI calculator.

10. Cholesterol test

Regular cholesterol screening helps to detect the risk of developing heart disease. Adult women should undergo regular cholesterol test for every five years.

In order to get any of these screening tests, visit any of the local Urgent Care Center. Search online for nearest urgent care center.

Dislocations – A Problem That Needs Immediate Medical Attention!

Dislocations are joint injuries that force the ends of your bones out of position. Major cause for this is a fall or blow. Sometimes it is also due to a contact sport. Dislocations make your joint difficult to move. You can dislocate your knees, ankles, hips, elbows and shoulders. Also, you can dislocate your toe joints and fingers.

If the joints are dislocated, they become bloated, very painful and apparently out of place. Joint dislocation needs immediate medical attention. Treatment for joint dislocation depends on which joint you dislocate and the severity of the injury. This includes manipulation to reposition your bones, a splint or sling.

When you seek proper treatment, most of the dislocations return to normal condition after several weeks of rest and rehabilitation. But, some joints, such as your shoulder, have an increased risk of repeat dislocation.

Symptoms of dislocations that need a visit to urgent care:

Here is a list of most common symptoms of dislocations, but each may experience symptoms differently.

  • Swelling in the injured area
  • Severe pain in the injured area
  • Deformity of the dislocated area
  • Difficulty moving or using the injured area in a normal manner
  • Bruising, warmth, or redness in the injured area

Sometimes the symptoms of dislocations result in various other medical conditions. So, it is essential to visit nearest urgent care center.

Diagnosis of a dislocation by an urgent care provider:

Usually diagnosis involves physical examination of the patient. During this, the care provider asks the medical history and asks how the injury has occurred.

Diagnostic tests can help to evaluate the problem. Performing x-ray may help to create an image for internal bones, organs and tissues. MRI helps to produce a detailed picture of structures and organs within the body.

Treatment for dislocation:

  • Treatment is based on the patient’s age, overall health and medical history
  • Type of injury
  • Extent of the injury
  • Tolerance of the patient to particular medications, therapies and procedures
  • Patient’s expectations for the course of the condition

So, remember that any kind of dislocation needs an immediate medical attention (Urgent Care Provider). There is also a possibility to occur fractures with dislocations.

FAQs About Your Cholesterol Levels!

Knowing the facts about cholesterol can reduce your risk for a heart attack or stroke.

But understanding what cholesterol is and how it affects your health are only the beginning.

In order to keep your cholesterol levels under control:

  • Schedule a screening
  • Be physically active
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Consume foods that are low in cholesterol and saturated fats and free of trans fats
  • Follow your health care professional’s advice (Cholesterol Control)

Here are FAQs about cholesterol:

What does cholesterol mean?

Cholesterol is a fat like substance that is found in the cells of humans and animals. Cholesterol is also found in blood circulation of human beings.

How do we make the cholesterol?

There are two major sources of cholesterol; one is from dietary intake and the other from your liver. You will get dietary cholesterol from fish, poultry, dairy products and meat.

Liver is one of the types of organ meats, which is high in cholesterol. After having the meal, your intestines absorb the cholesterol and then transferred into the blood. It is then stored inside as a protein coat. This cholesterol-protein coat complex is called as chylomicron.

Liver has a great role in removing the cholesterol from your blood and also manufacture new cholesterol and store into your blood circulation.

After having the meal, liver removes the chylomicrons from your blood and in between the meals, again liver manufactures new cholesterol and secretes into your blood circulation.

What are HDL and LDL cholesterols?

HDL cholesterol or high density lipoprotein is good cholesterol. These cholesterol particles help to prevent atherosclerosis by collecting cholesterol from your arterial walls and the liver disposes them.

LDL cholesterol or low density lipoprotein is bad cholesterol and LDL is linked to high risk of coronary heart disease. LDL particles places cholesterol on your arterial walls thus leading to the formation of thick or hard substance called as cholesterol plaque.

This cholesterol plaque thickens your arterial walls and narrow downs the arteries, which is a process called as atherosclerosis.

Your total cholesterol is the sum of HDL (high density) cholesterol, LDL (low density) cholesterol, IDL (immediate density) cholesterol and VLDL (very low density) cholesterol.

Is high cholesterol can be a health risk?

High cholesterol narrows your arterial walls and the walls become less flexible thus reducing the blood flow. Reduced blood flow clogs the arteries, and then you can have a heart attack or stroke.

When should I start checking my cholesterol levels?

All people over the age of 20 should have regular cholesterol screening for every five years. Studies suggested that you should have your cholesterol checked if:

  • Your total cholesterol level exceeds 200 mg/dl
  • Your HDL is less than 40 mg/dl
  • You are a woman over 50 or man over 45
  • You have other risk factors for heart disease or stroke

How often should I check my cholesterol levels?

Depending on the results and your overall risk, you should start checking your cholesterol levels regularly for every one to five years.

How Important It Is To Monitor Your Blood Pressure?

Monitoring blood pressure is very much important for everyone’s life. High blood pressure is the silent killer for everyone’s life.

Though you won’t experience any prior symptoms, high blood pressure can lead to sudden heart attacks or strokes. This is the reason, monitoring high blood pressure is so important. It may be the only way you can catch your high blood pressure before it is too late.

How to monitor your blood pressure?

There are various ways through which blood pressure can be monitored. Consult any nearest clinic to monitor your blood pressure.

Otherwise, you can buy a quality blood pressure monitor from a local drug store to monitor your blood pressure on a regular basis. Otherwise, make regular appointments with your doctor to have your blood pressure monitored (Blood Pressure Monitoring).

High blood pressure in women:

Your doctor will diagnose you with hypertension if you consistently have a blood pressure reading of 140 over 90 or any higher reading. Your doctor might schedule you for frequent appointments with a nurse if you have high blood pressure.

In various cases, you might not know you have high blood pressure until you receive an abnormal reading as part of a standard checkup.

Women with high blood pressure usually notice symptoms like headaches, dizziness, visual problems, fluttering heart or feeling out of breath when lying down. You should immediately consult your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Chest pain
  • Sudden onset of nose bleeds
  • Sudden confusion
  • Numbness
  • Most severe headache of your life

In very rare cases, up to 1% of the people experience malignant hypertension. This can lead to swelling of the optic nerve.

High blood pressure in men:

Hypertension in men can lead to various problems such as:

  • High blood pressure can cause severe fatigue and also memory issues such as confusion.
  • Men with high blood pressure may also have andropause, which is due to a shift or loss in male hormones.
  • Men with erectile dysfunction may also suffer from high blood pressure. Research has showed a strong relation between hypertension and erectile dysfunction.
  • Shortness of breathe is another symptom of high blood pressure.

If you notice any of the above symptoms, you should immediately consult an urgent care doctor.

Diagnostic Tests For Chronic Respiratory Diseases!

Chronic respiratory diseases are chronic diseases of the airways and other structures of the lung. Among those, the most common illnesses include: respiratory allergies, asthma, occupational lung diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pulmonary hypertension.

The most important risk factors for preventable chronic respiratory diseases include:

  • Indoor air pollution
  • Allergens
  • Tobacco smoking
  • Occupational risks
  • Outdoor pollution

Nowadays, hundreds of millions of people are suffering from chronic respiratory diseases. According to the recent studies, presently 210 million people are suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 300 million people from asthma, and millions of people from allergic rhinitis.

Respiratory system has a great role in our body. Not only it supplies oxygen to various cells of the body, but also it washouts the wastages, supplies air required for speech and filters out infectious agents. So, it is very much essential to protect our respiratory system in all aspects.

In order to investigate your chronic respiratory diseases, you need to undergo one or more of the following tests:

Pulmonary function test: It is a group of tests used to evaluate how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they move gases such as oxygen from the lungs.

Chest X-ray: This test is used to diagnose the conditions that affect your chest, its content and nearby structures. It generates the image of your chest.

Bronchoscopy: This method is used to observe inside of your airways for therapeutic and diagnostic purpose. In this procedure, an instrument is placed in your airways through mouth or nose. With the help of this test, your practitioner can observe the abnormalities of your airways like bleeding, foreign bodies, inflammation or tumors.

Computed tomography scan: CT scan is a medical imaging method employing tomography created by computer processing. This type of digital geometry processing is used to produce a three-dimensional image of the inside of your body from a large series of two-dimensional X-ray images taken around a single axis.

Biopsy: In this procedure cells or tissues are removed from the lung or pleura for examination. This method helps to find out the presence of the disease. The cells are examined under a microscope and also analyzed chemically.

Ultrasound: This method is used to detect fluid such as pleural effusion.

Ventilation – Perfusion scan: It is used to evaluate circulation of blood and air within your lungs. Perfusion part assesses how well the blood circulates within the lungs, whereas ventilation part observes whether the air reaches all parts of the lungs or not.

Culture of microorganisms: This method is used to determine the cause of infectious diseases. For instance, your throat culture is taken by scratching the lining of tissue in the back of your throat and blotting the sample into a media to be able to screen for harmful microorganisms, like streptococcus pyogenes, the causative means of strep throat.

To get tested, visit any of your nearest urgent care doctor . Screening tests help to recognize the disease in advance and allows to get treated earlier.